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Under Swiss protection : Jewish eyewitness accounts from wartime Budapest

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Call Number940.532 L97u
Dates2017; ©2017
Statement of ResponsibilityAgnes Hirschi, Charlotte Schallié, (eds) ; translations by Dahlia Beck, Lauren Thompson, and Noga Yarmar.
Creators & ContributorsHirschi, Agnes (editor)
Schallié, Charlotte (editor)
Beck, Dahlia (translator)
Thompson, Lauren (translator)
Yarmar, Noga (translator)
Snyder, Timothy (contributor)
Wisard, François (contributor)
Fabry, Paul (contributor)
Fleischer, Mordechai (contributor)
Greenstein, Jean (contributor)
Gur, David (contributor)
Barna, Klári (interviewee)
Bellák, Támas (interviewee)
Bino, Peter (interviewee)
Heffner, Agnes (interviewee)
Sándor, Iván (interviewee)
Schweitzer, József (interviewee)
Sirtes, André (interviewee)
Szirmai, Eva (interviewee)
Teichman, Agnes (interviewee)
Lefkovic, Irena Braun (contributor)
Cohen, Tzipporah (contributor)
Heller, Agnes (contributor)
Hirschfeld, Idit (contributor)
Hirschi, Agnes (contributor)
Katz, Hedva (contributor)
Katz, Naomi (contributor)
Katz, Shmuel (contributor)
Kaufman, Ester (contributor)
Kremer, Mordechai László (contributor)
Maté, Janos (contributor)
Misan, Agnes (contributor)
Neumann, Mordechai (contributor)
Palgi, Miryam (contributor)
Pollak, Peter (contributor)
Schlesinger, Alexander (contributor)
Schneier, Arthur (contributor)
Shavit, Moshe (contributor)
Shtauber, Shulamit (contributor)
Tarjan, Peter (contributor)
Gati, Charles (contributor)
Geiger, Steven Thomas (contributor)
Somogyi, George (contributor)
Tier, Geoffrey Leonard (contributor)
Vertes, Michael (contributor)
Lutz, Carl (subject)
Summary"This volume retraces Carl Lutz's diplomatic wartime rescue efforts in Budapest, Hungary, through the lens of Jewish eyewitness testimonies. Together with his wife, Gertrud Lutz-Fankhauser, the director of the Palestine Office in Budapest, Moshe Krausz, fellow Swiss citizens Harald Feller, Ernst Vonrufs, Peter Zürcher, and the underground Zionist Youth Movement, Carl Lutz led an extensive rescue operation between March 1944 and February 1945. It is estimated that Lutz and his team of rescuers issued more than 50,000 lifesaving letters of protection (Schutzbriefe) and placed persecuted Jews in 76 safe housesannexes of the Swiss Legation. Based on interviews with Holocaust survivors in Canada, Hungary, Israel, Switzerland, the UK, and the United States, this volume shines a light on the extraordinary scope and scale of Carl Lutz's humanitarian response." Back cover
Contents
Foreword / Timothy Snyder

1. Introduction / Agnes Hirschi and Charlotte Schallié
  • Translators' notes
  • Editors' notes
  • Timeline
2. Carl Lutz in Budapest / François Wisard
  • Context and milestones of the rescue activities of Carl Lutz and his team    
3. The Resistance Movement
  • "Carl Lutz stood out like a monument-He was an example of what can be done" / Paul Fabry
  • "On the nineteenth of March 1944, all of us went underground" / Mordechai Fleischer
  • "We tried to save whoever we could, however we could" / Jean Greenstein
  • "Every moment, every slip of paper meant human life" / David Gur
4. Profiles of Survivors: Interviews by Agnes Hirschi (2000–2017)
  • "Klári, an Arrow Cross man is looking for you" / Klári Barna
  • "During the bombardments, we hid ourselves in the pantry" / Vera Bellák (as told by Támas Bellák)
  • "Eva never spoke about her childhood" / Eva Bino (as told by Peter Bino)
  • "She refused to let the star be sewn onto her clothing" / Agnes Heffner
  • "The Red Cross and the Swiss legation had retrieved us from a death march" / Iván Sándor
  • "I will never forget the horrors of the war years" / Rabbi József Schweitzer
  • "The American air raid saved our lives" / André Sirtes
  • "I was too young to understand the situation" / Eva Szirmai
  • "In my breadbasket, I would smuggle letters for the prisoners" / Agnes Teichman
5. Testimonies
  • "I did not give up trying to get to no. 29 Vadász utca" / Irena Braun Lefkovic
  • "I took the doll, […], and we started making our way home" / Tzipporah Cohen
  • "I was proud of the small yellow star" / Agnes Heller
  • "Our skirts were filled with the money our wise grandmother had sewn into our hems" / Idit Hirschfeld
  • "The man who changed my life" / Agnes Hirschi
  • "I remember it was a house built of glass" / Hedva Katz
  • "Shmulik played the accordion and we all sang Hatikvah on the ship's deck" / Naomi Katz
  • "My fate was the exception" / Shmuel Katz
  • "Unlike adults, I don't think we, the children, realized the situation was that of life and death" / Ester Kaufman
  • "The movement began to provide us with false documents" / Mordechai László Kremer
  • "I didn't know for what I was liberated. The only reason was my son" / Judith Miriam Maté (as told by Janos Maté)
  • "We were the last ones to get inside the Glass House" / Agnes Misan
  • "Arthur Weisz paid with his life for having saved us" / Mordechai Neumann
  • "And suddenly they called me saying that my father came back" / Miryam Palgi
  • "To this day, I have not been able to understand how she managed to find my father's Kiddush cup" / Peter Pollak
  • "On October 20, at five o'clock in the morning, my Holocaust began" / Alexander Schlesinger
  • "I had many Christian friends who came to our home; all that changed on March 12, 1938, when the Nazis took over" / Rabbi Arthur Schneier
  • "Our mother convinced us to stay with Aunt Hannah under Swiss protection" / Moshe Shavit
  • "We were forced out of the bunker with tear gas and shoved naked in the snow" / Shulamit Shtauber
  • "The last time I saw my mother" / Peter Tarjan
6. Tributes and Letters
  • "Remembering 1944 and Carl Lutz" / Charles Gati
  • "We were left with what is the most precious: our lives" / Steven Thomas Geiger
  • "Tribute to Carl Lutz" / George Somogyi
  • Letter to Carl Lutz (1945) / Geoffrey Leonard Tier
  • "Diplomats are not expected to be heroes taking risks" / Michael Vertes
7. Appendix: Excerpts from Swiss Collective Passports No. 1 & No. 2
  • Glossary
Physical Description 403 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Carrier Typevolume
LanguageEnglish
PublisherStuttgart : ibidem-Verlag
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
RecognitionGifted in 2018 by Charlotte Schallié

Related

People

Hirschi, Agnes (contributor)

Beck, Dahlia (translator)

Thompson, Lauren (translator)

Yarmar, Noga (translator)

Snyder, Timothy (contributor)

Lutz, Carl (subject)

Wisard, François (contributor)

Fabry, Paul (contributor)

Fleischer, Mordechai (contributor)

Greenstein, Jean (contributor)

Gur, David (contributor)

Barna, Klári (interviewee)

Bellák, Támas (interviewee)

Bino, Peter (interviewee)

Heffner, Agnes (interviewee)

Sándor, Iván (interviewee)

Schweitzer, József (interviewee)

Sirtes, André (interviewee)

Szirmai, Eva (interviewee)

Teichman, Agnes (interviewee)

Lefkovic, Irena Braun (contributor)

Cohen, Tzipporah (contributor)

Heller, Agnes (contributor)

Hirschfeld, Idit (contributor)

Katz, Hedva (contributor)

Katz, Naomi (contributor)

Katz, Shmuel (contributor)

Kaufman, Ester (contributor)

Maté, Janos (contributor)

Misan, Agnes (contributor)

Neumann, Mordechai (contributor)

Palgi, Miryam (contributor)

Pollak, Peter (contributor)

Schneier, Arthur (contributor)

Shavit, Moshe (contributor)

Shtauber, Shulamit (contributor)

Tarjan, Peter (contributor)

Gati, Charles (contributor)

Geiger, Steven Thomas (contributor)

Somogyi, George (contributor)

Vertes, Michael (contributor)