Stapf Bilderdienst photographs

Extent & Medium252 photographs
Date NoteDate reflects when prints were made from negatives originally created circa 1938–1942.
Administrative/Biographical HistoryPeter N. Moogk was born in 1943 in West Chiltington, England, to Canadian parents. The family immigrated to Canada in 1946, arriving on the Norwegian ship Stavangerfjord. Moogk’s father was a Military and Air Attache; his family was stationed at the Canadian Embassy in The Hague from 19541957. Moogk’s mother has some Dutch ancestry in her family history. When Moogk was attending school in the Netherlands, he heard first-hand accounts of the German occupation and, in 1957, attended a Dutch Quaker School at Kasteel Eerde. The school was established in 1934 to provide German Jewish students with an education free of Nazi discrimination. After the German invasion of May 1940, fourteen students from the school were unable to avoid capture and died after deportation. When Moogk was a student at the school, classes were taught primarily in Dutch, with some in English; there were a few Jewish teachers as well as students.

Moogk was married in 1965 to Susan Rosa Tovell, and has three children: Jonathan, Benjamin and Anna. He received a B.A. Hons from the University of Toronto (Trinity) in 1965, and an M.A. in History from the University of Toronto in 1966. He was a student in the French Canada Studies Program at McGill University from 1966-1967, and received a PhD from the University of Toronto in 1973. Moogk is Professor Emeritus (History) at the University of British Columbia; his research interests include the social and cultural history of early French Canada, including Acadia; twentieth-century Canadian military history; and the Second World War. Moogk is the author of four books, most recently, La Nouvelle France: The Making of French Canada (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2000), winner of the Heggoy Prize in French Colonial History.
Scope & ContentSub-series primarily consists of photographs made from negatives taken between 1938 and 1942 by Stapf Bilderdienst, the official press photographic agency in Amsterdam. After May 1940, Stapf Bilderdienst operated as a photographic propaganda service for the German administration and the Dutch Nazis. The photographs document life under German occupation, including the arrival of the Germans in the Netherlands from approximately 1940-1942, as well as party rallies and personal photographs of Nazis at social gatherings. A second core theme in the collection is the depiction of daily life, which includes the Jewish quarter of the city, storefronts and examples of anti-Semitic laws and Nazification among the occupied population. The third theme is the depiction of propaganda, both images of the posters as well as photographs that contextualize them within the city landscape. Additionally, the photographs document examples of Dutch resistance through posters and symbols placed throughout Amsterdam.

The photographs were printed from two volumes of negatives appropriated from Stapf Bilderdienst's Amsterdam office by “Jimmy” Sharp of the Canadian army's investigation unit, in 1945, and brought to Canada as war souvenirs. After the war, Sharp joined the Vancouver police department, and brought the negatives with him. Sharp passed away circa 1960, when his friend and colleague Sgt. Philip A. Dubois, took custody of the negatives. Sgt. Dubois brought the negatives to UBC's History Department in 1981, where they were examined by Peter Moogk. Moogk had prints made from the negatives, then, with assistance from the Netherlands Consulate in Vancouver, donated the negatives to the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD) in 1981. Sub-series is divided into three files, reflecting how photographs were grouped by the creator upon their donation to the VHEC: Album 1: Netherlands, 1937–1941, Album 2: Netherlands, 1940–1945 and [Loose photographs].
Immediate Source of Acquisition or Transfer1993.007 and 2015.003
System of ArrangementCreator's original order was maintained.

Collection Contents

Collection consists of records gathered or purchased by Peter N. Moogk as a result of his interest in Second World War history. Records document the Holocaust era in Europe, in particular the Netherlands, under the German occupation government. Collection has been divided into the following series: Photographs (1945; 1981); Posters (1940–1946); Correspondence (1934–1987); Publications and ephemera (1933–1945) and Artefacts (1935–[1945]).