Mala Z. testimony 1987 [video recording]
Date of Recording04 February 1987
18 February 1987
Duration3h 36m 55.0s
SynopsisMala Z. was born in Kalisz, Poland on February 8, 1920. She describes her family and their life before the war. She recalls attending Catholic school and attending Hebrew classes. She describes the Jewish community. Mala was involved with Zionist organizations, including Hashomer Hatzair, and describes their activities. She recalls travelling far away from Kalisz to live on a kibbutz. She describes being there when war broke out and having no communication with her family. Mala describes fleeing to Warsaw and events there with her youth group. She describes returning to Kalisz and reuniting with her mother, who refused to leave. Mala traveled to a kibbutz in Wohyń then escaped to L’viv. She was then deported to Siberia for forced labour and describes the conditions. She recalls imprisonment in Arkhangelsk, Russia and release into Kazakhstan. She describes reuniting with her sister in Novorossiysk in 1944. She describes being resettled to Gorlice, Poland and establishing a school for refugees. Mala describes her work with Haganah assisting illegal immigration through the Czechoslovakian border. She discusses returning home and trying to retrieve hidden belongings. She describes meeting her husband and living in DP camps in Germany. Mala describes emigration to Canada. She describes her children, religious life, Jewish identity, and commitment to Israel. Mala shows photographs.
Funding NoteCataloguing and digitization of this testimony was supported by funding from the Government of Canada.