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Harmful and undesirable : book censorship in Nazi Germany

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Call Number363.31 L67h
Dates©2016
Statement of ResponsibilityGuenter Lewy.
Creators & ContributorsLewy, Guenter (author)
Summary"Like every authoritarian regime in history, Nazi Germany tried to control intellectual freedom through book censorship. Between 1933 and 1945, Hitler's party orchestrated a massive campaign to take control of all forms of communication. In 1933, there were 93 book burnings in 70 German cities. Indeed, Werner Schlegel, an official in the Ministry of Propaganda, called the book burnings 'a symbol of the revolution.' In later years, the regime used less violent means of domination. It pillaged bookstores and libraries and prosecuted uncooperative publishers and dissident authors. In Harmful and Undesirable, Guenter Lewy analyzes the various strategies that the Nazis employed to enact censorship and the government officials who led the attack on a free intellectual life, including Martin Bormann, Philipp Bouhler, Joseph Goebbels, and Alfred Rosenberg. The Propaganda Ministry played a leading role in the censorship campaign, supported by an array of organizations at both the local and state levels. Because of the many overlapping jurisdictions and organizations, censorship was disorderly and erratic. Beyond the implementation of censorship, Lewy also describes the plight of authors, publishers, and bookstores who clashed with the Nazi regime. Some authors were imprisoned. Others, such as Gottfried Benn, Werner Bergengruen, Gerhart Hauptmann, Ernst Jünger, Jochen Klepper, and Ernst Wiechert became controversial 'inner emigrants' who chose to remain in Germany. Some of them criticized the Nazi regime through allegories and parables." Book jacket


 
ContentsPart 1. The Emergence of Censorship
  • Book Conrol in the Weimar Republic
  • The Book Burning of 1933
Part 2. The Agencies of Control
  • The Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda
  • The Reich Chamber of Literature
  • The Gestapo and SD
  • The Party Commission for the Protection of National Socialist Literature
  • Alfred Rosenberg: Hitler's Plenipotentiary for Ideological Education
Part 3. The Practice of Censorship
  • The Reasons for Banning Books
  • Jewish Books
  • The Purge of Libraries
  • Wartime Censorship
  • The Battle for Turf
Part 4. The Impact of Censorship
  • The Inner Emigration
  • Conclusion
Physical Description xi, 268 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Carrier Typevolume
LanguageEnglish
PublisherNew York : Oxford University Press
NotesIncludes bibliographical references (pages 203–251) and index
RecognitionGifted in 2016 by David Zacks

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