• Persoonsbewijs [forged], recto

Persoonsbewijs [forged]

Identity card

Archival Item

Resource TypeDocuments
Date of Creation1944
GenreIdentity, Migration & Travel
Identifier2004.001.002
Location in CollectionLouise Stein Sorensen fonds
Administrative/Biographical HistoryLouise Stein Sorensen was born in Rotterdam on February 12, 1929 to Isidor Stein and Marianne (Jeanne) van Dam. Her sister, Eleonore, was born in 1923. Sorensen’s immediate family moved from Rotterdam to Amsterdam in 1936. In late 1940 and early 1941, citizens of the Netherlands over the age of fifteen had to declare their Jewish ancestry and receive and carry identity cards issued by the occupation government. If a person had more than two Jewish grandparents they would receive a black J on their identity card.

Sorensen’s father ran a fur coat factory; the business was appropriated in 1941. In June 1942, Sorensen’s family home and all its contents were confiscated by the Nazis. After their home was expropriated, the family was moved to Amsterdam and placed in what would become the Jewish ghetto. They were temporarily protected by an exemption list, which was cancelled in January, 1943. After their exemption was cancelled the family went into hiding, with help from a non-Jewish relative in Hilversum who was able to help them attain forged identity cards. Sorensen used the false name “Loes van Boven,” was separated from her parents and sister, and moved from home to home around the Netherlands with help from members of the resistance.

Sorensen and her parents were reunited in the fall of 1943, and hidden by a farmworker and his wife in Apeldoorn, Netherlands. They stayed inside in an attic every day until mid-April 1945 when Canadian soldiers liberated the area. While Sorensen’s parents and sister survived, they later found out through the Red Cross that nearly all of their extended family had been murdered, in Sobibor, Auschwitz and in Minsk and Transylvania.

Louise Stein Sorensen graduated from the University of Amsterdam with a degree in social psychology in 1956. She married Eigil (Ike) Kaergaard Sorensen in January, 1959, and moved to British Columbia to join her husband. They had two sons and three grandsons. Sorensen has been an outreach speaker for the Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre since 1985, and a VHEC board member for ten years. She was a member of the Gesher Project, a group of survivors and children of survivors who met regularly to create painting, writing and discussion about the Holocaust. She is a founding member of the VHEC’s child survivor group and was a member of the board of the World Federation of Child Survivors of the Holocaust.
Extent & Medium1 document
Scope & ContentItem is a forged identity card used by Marianne Stein while in hiding in Apeldoorn. Dated June 4, 1944.
LanguageDutch
Archival HistoryItem was formerly titled "Forged ID card of Marianne Stein (née van Dam)"