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Genocide and gross human rights violations : in comparative perspective

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Call Number304.663 J76ge (in processing)
Dates[1998]; ©1998
Statement of ResponsibilityKurt Jonassohn with Karin Solveig Björnson.
Creators & ContributorsJonassohn, Kurt (author)
Björnson, Karin Solveig (author)
Summary"[Kurt Jonassohn] provides a conceptual perspective with which to examine a wide variety of themes from famines, refugees and hunger, to the Holocaust denial literature and the prevention of unpunished crimes. A unique feature of the volume is special attention to methods and comparative approaches to data gathering with which to study global issues such as genocide. Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations offers actual studies of genocide in India, China, Colonial Africa, the Soviet Union, Burma, and the former Yugoslavia. Beyond narrating the most horrendous atrocities, the book focuses on the nature of gross human rights violations and genocides, and how best to stop them. Jonassohn formulates a typology that distinguishes events that have different origins, occur in different situations, and follow different processes... While each genocide is unique, the author also emphasizes that there is much to be learned by what these unique events have in common." —Publisher
ContentsPart 1. Thinking about Contemporary Concepts and Their Historical Background
  1. What is Genocide?
  2. A Conceptual Perspective
    • Introduction; The Origins of Utilitarian Genocide; An Excursus on Varieties of Slavery; Modern Ideological Genocides
  3. Hunger as a Low-Technology Weapon: With Special Reference to Genocide
    • Introduction; The Question of Intent; An Abbreviated History; Twentieth-Century Famines; Summary; What is to be done?
  4. The Tragic Circle of Famine, Genocide, and Refugees
    • Introduction; Definitions; Food Shortages as Evidence of Genocide; Refugees as Sources of Information; Summary
  5. The Consequences of Ideological Genocides and Their Role in Prevention
    • Introduction; The Albigensian Crusade; The Spanish Inquisition; The Armenian Genocide; Genocides in the Soviet Union; Nazi Germany and the Holocaust; The Cambodian Tragedy; Conclusion; Afterword
  6. Some Antecedents of the Holocaust Denial Literature
    • Introduction; A Brief History; Some Domestic Sources of German Racism; Denials after World War I; The Hitler Period; Denials since World War II; Conclusion
  7. On Jewish Resistance: An Essay on Perceptions
    • Introduction; Jewish Resistance to Nazi Victimization; The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising; Reasons Why Jewish Resistance is So Little Known; Conclusion
  8. Prevention without Prediction
    • Introduction; Early Recognition; Education; Publicity; Economic Sanctions; Organizational Linkages; The Law; Conclusions
  9. Rethinking the Conceptualization of Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations
  10. On the Prevention of Unpunished Crimes
    • Introduction; Who is the Perpetrator?; The Collectivity as Perpetrator; The Individual as Perpetrator; Conclusion
  11. A Summation
Part 2. Methods in Comparative Research on Genocide
  1. Preliminary Considerations
    • Some Specifics of Genocide Research; A Note on Definitions and Typologies
  2. The Language of Data
    • A New Word for an Ancient Crime; Translation; Evolution of Language; Cultural Points of Reference; Place Names; Writing Systems and Transliteration; Manipulation of Language
  3. Sources of Data
  4. Kinds of Data for Contemporary Cases
  5. Quality of Data
    • Introduction; Journalists' Reports; The Western Media; Foreign Wars; War Correspondents, and the Cutting Room Floor; Censorship and the Western Media; Censorship and Compliance: The Case of Walter Duranty; Editorial Bias; False Reports; Ownership and Censorship; Western Culture and the Western Media; Conclusion; Site Visits; Other Sources of Data; National and International Governments; Humanitarian Aid NGOs; Human Rights NGOs
Part 3. Revisiting the Past
  1. Pre-Twentieth Century Perpetrators
    • Case 1. The Destruction of the Greek City-States of Selinus and Himera in Sicily by the Carthaginians, 409 B.C.
    • Case 2. The Defeat of Numantia in 133 B.C.
    • Case 3. The Asian Vespers of 88 B.C.
    • Case 4. Diocletian's Persecution of the Christians
    • Case 5. The Fourth Crusade, 1202–1204
    • Case 6. Vlad III of Walachia
    • Case 7. The Conquest of Mexico, 1519–1521
    • Case 8. The Sack of Novgorod in 1570 by Ivan the Terrible
    • Case 9. The Wars of the Vendée
    • Case 10. Bulgarian Atrocities, 1876
    • Case 11. Argentina, 1878–1885
    • Case 12. The Brazil Backlands, 1886–1897
  2. Perpetrators in India
    • Case 13. The Persecution of the Jains
    • Case 14. The Fate of Ghazni
    • Case 15. The Conquest of Bihar
    • Case 16. Balban's Persecution of the Meos
    • Case 17. Terror under 'Ala-ud-din
    • Case 18. Timur's Conquests
    • Case 19. The Repeated Victimizations of Vijayanagar
    • Case 20. Babur's Style of Warfare
  3. Perpetrators in China
    • Case 21. The Checkered Fate of the Ancient Capital at Lo-Yang
    • Case 22. The Taiping Rebellion of 1850–1864
    • Case 23. Famines
  4. Perpetrators in Colonial Africa
    • Case 24. Britain in Matabeleland and Mashonaland, 1896–1897
    • Case 25. The Belgian Congo (Léopoldville)
    • Case 26. French "Pacification" of the Ivory Coast and the French Congo
    • Case 27. The Graziani Massacre in Italian Ethiopia
    • Case 28. The War against the Hehe, 1891–1898, in German East Africa
    • Case 29. The Maji Maji Uprising, 1905–1907
    • Case 30. Revolt against the Germans in Kamerun, 1903–1908
  5. More Twentieth-Century Cases
    • Case 31. Kazakhs in the USSR in the 1930s
    • Case 32. Chittagong Hill People in Bangladesh
    • Case 33. Myanmar (Burma)
    • Case 34. The Rohingyas
    • Case 35. Oppression of Other Minorities and Political Opposition
  6. The Relevance of History for the Case of the Former Yugoslavia
    • Introduction; The Influence of Geography; Antiquity; The Schism between Greek and Latin Christendom; Medieval Croatia and Serbia; The Ottoman Empire; The Rise of Balkan Nationalism; Nationalist Ideology; Hegemony or Negation; A New Yugoslav State; The Killing of Jews in the Independent States of Croatia and Serbia, 1939–1945; The Killing of Gypsies in Serbia and Croatia, 1941–1945; The Massacre of Serbs in the Independent State of Croatia; The Resistance; Yugoslavia under Tito; The Abuse of History; Conclusion
Physical Description xiv, 338 pages ; 23 cm
Carrier Typevolume
LanguageEnglish
PublisherNew Brunswick, NJ : Transaction Publishers
NotesIncludes bibliographical references (pages 295–324) and index
RecognitionGifted in 2016 by Keiko Yokosawa in memory of Professor John D. Klier