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Bystanders, rescuers or perpetrators? : the neutral countries and the Shoah

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Bystanders, rescuers or perpetrators? : the neutral countries and the Shoah
Call No: 940.5318 B997

Call Number940.5318 B997
Dates[2016]; ©2016
Statement of ResponsibilityInternational Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (Ed.) ; editors: Corry Guttstadt (Project Coordinator), Thomas Lutz (Topography of Terror Foundation, Berlin), Bernd Rother (Willy Brandt Foundation, Berlin), Yessica San Román (Centro Sefarad-Israel, Madrid).
Creators & ContributorsGuttstadt, Corry (editor)
Lutz, Thomas (editor)
Rother, Bernd (editor)
San Ramón, Yessica (editor)
Katz, Steven T. (contributor)
Heim, Susanne (contributor)
Lienert, Salome (contributor)
Guttstadt, Corry (contributor)
Rudberg, Pontus (contributor)
Avni, Haim (contributor)
Fivaz-Silbermann, Ruth (contributor)
Milgram, Avraham (contributor)
Calvet, Josep (contributor)
Ninhos, Cláudia (contributor)
Pimentel, Irene Flunser (contributor)
Bahar, İ. İzzet (contributor)
Rother, Bernd (contributor)
Erbelding, Rebecca (contributor)
Baer, Alejandro (contributor)
Correa Martín-Arroyo, Pedro (contributor)
Dost-Niyego, Pınar (contributor)
Goñi, Uki (contributor)
Wisard, François (contributor)
Kvist Geverts, Karin (contributor)
Eckmann, Monique (contributor)
Şenia, Nora (contributor)
Simó, Marta (contributor)
International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (editor)
Summary"The volume Bystanders, Rescuers or Perpetrators? The Neutral Countries and the Shoah offers a trans-national, comparative perspective on the varied reactions of the neutral countries to the Nazi persecution and murder of the European Jews. It examines the often ambivalent policies of these states towards Jewish refugees as well as towards their own Jewish nationals living in German-occupied countries. By breaking down persistent myths, this volume contributes to a more nuanced understanding of an under-researched chapter of Holocaust history and also considers the challenges and opportunities related to Holocaust education and remembrance in the neutral countries." —Back cover
Contents
  • Declaration of the Stockholm International Forum on the Holocaust
  • About IHRA
  • Preface / Steven T. Katz
  • Foreword / Corry Guttstadt, Thomas Lutz, Bernd Rother, Yessica San Román
Section I. Jewish Refugees Before the War (1933–1939)
  • The Question of Jewish Refugees / Susanne Heim
  • Swiss Immigration Policies 1933–1939 / Salomé Lienert
  • Turkey—Welcoming Jewish Refugees? / Corry Guttstadt
  • Sweden and Jewish Refugees from Nazi Germany, 1933–1939 / Pontus Rudberg
  • Discussion of the First Panel / Haim Avni
Section II. Jewish Refugees During the War (1939–1945)
  • Introduction / Corry Guttstadt
  • Ignorance, Realpolitik and Human Rights: Switzerland between Active Refusal and Passive Help / Ruth Fivaz-Silbermann
  • Portugal and the Jews 1938–1945 / Avraham Milgram
  • Spain and Jewish Refugees during World War II: A Difficult Balance: Free Entrance, Expulsions and Detentions / Josep Calvet
Section III. Reactions by the Neutral Countries to the Holocaust
  • What was Known in the Neutral Countries about the On-Going Genocide of European Jews? / Cláudia Ninhos
  • Origins of the 1942–1943 German Ultimatum on the Repatriation of Jews with Citizenship of Neutral and German-Allied Countries / Corry Guttstadt
  • Neutral Portugal and the Holocaust: Salazar and the German Ultimatum of 1943 / Irene Flunser Pimentel
  • Turkey’s Stance toward Turkish Jews in Occupied France and the German Ultimatum on their Repatriation in WWII / İ. İzzet Bahar
  • Spain and the German Repatriation Ultimatum 1943/44 / Bernd Rother
  • Discussion of the Third Panel / Bernd Rother
  • The United States War Refugee Board, the Neutral Nations, and the Holocaust in Hungary / Rebecca Erbelding
Section IV. Rescue Myths, Public Debates, Historical Investigations
  • Introduction / Thomas Lutz
  • The Politics of Holocaust Rescue Myths in Spain: From Francoist Humanitarianism to the Righteous Diplomats / Alejandro Baer, Pedro Correa Martín-Arroyo
  • Myths of Rescue and their Use and Abuse in Turkey / Pınar Dost-Niyego
  • Argentina’s Rescue Myth / Uki Goñi
  • The Swiss Experience with State-Commissioned Historical Investigations: A Short Overview with a Focus on the Bergier-Commission / François Wisard
Section V. The Challenges of Holocaust Remembrance and Education in Neutral Countries
  • Introduction / Yessica San Román
  • The Challenges of Holocaust Education and Remembrance in Sweden / Karin Kvist Geverts
  • Specific Challenges for Memory and for Teaching and Learning about the Holocaust in Switzerland / Monique Eckmann
  • Breakdown of Memorial Processes in Turkey / Nora Şenia
  • Challenges for Memory, Teaching and Learning about the Holocaust in Spain / Marta Simó
Physical Description 336 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Carrier Typevolume
LanguageEnglish
PublisherBerlin : Metropol-Verlag
SeriesIHRA series ; vol. 2
Notes
  • Papers from an international colloquium held November 2014 in Madrid
  • Includes bibliographical references (pages [320]–327) and index
RecognitionGifted in 2017 by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance
URLhttps://www.holocaustremembrance.com/sites/default/files/inline-files/ihra bystanders web-ilovepdf-compressed.pdf, Access the freely available full text from the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA)

Related

People

Lutz, Thomas (editor)

Rother, Bernd (editor)

Katz, Steven T. (contributor)

Heim, Susanne (contributor)

Lienert, Salome (contributor)

Guttstadt, Corry (contributor)

Rudberg, Pontus (contributor)

Avni, Haim (contributor)

Milgram, Avraham (contributor)

Calvet, Josep (contributor)

Ninhos, Cláudia (contributor)

Bahar, İ. İzzet (contributor)

Rother, Bernd (contributor)

Erbelding, Rebecca (contributor)

Baer, Alejandro (contributor)

Dost-Niyego, Pınar (contributor)

Goñi, Uki (contributor)

Wisard, François (contributor)

Kvist Geverts, Karin (contributor)

Eckmann, Monique (contributor)

Şenia, Nora (contributor)

Organizations