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Iconography of Armenian identity. Volume 1. The memory of genocide and the Karabagh movement

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Iconography of Armenian identity. Volume 1. The memory of genocide and the Karabagh movement
Call No: 956.6 M38i

Call Number956.6 M38i
Dates2009; ©2009
Statement of ResponsibilityHarutyun Marutyan ; [translated from the Armenian by Nune Totosyan].
SummaryHarutyan Marutyan's imaginative study of Armenia traces the shift from an identity based on victimhood to one based on strength and resilience. The role played by memory of the Armenian Genocide (1915–1923) during the Revolution of 1988–1990 forms the central focus of this volume. Also known as the Karabagh Movement, those events arguably constituted the first of East European revolutions. The Genocide had remained an unspoken collective sorrow for most of the Soviet period, to emerge as a revolutionary factor in the accelerating developments unleashed by Perestroika. By the time Armenia became an independent state, the "genocide factor" had helped transform old stereotypes and self-perceptions, contributing to a new national identity. Through an analysis of iconographic materials such as posters and banners, Marutyan offers readers a window on to the collapse of an empire and the birth of a national state. —Book jacket
ContentsChapter One: The role of memory in the system of national identity: some statements
  1. On the concept of the past
  2. Collective memory in the context of interrelations of the past and present
  3. Collective and historical memory in commemorations
  4. To remember or to forget the "difficult" past?
Chapter Two: The 1915 genocide in the context of Armenian collective and historical memory
  1. "We demand a just solution tot he Armenian cause"
  2. The genocide memorial in the context of the commemorative rituals of the Armenian people
  3. Wreaths as posters
  4. "The Armenian cause"
  5. Quotations
  6. "Stone-deaf world"
Chapter Three: The popular association of the massacres in Sumgait with the Armenian genocide
  1. Processions in commemoration of the Sumgait victims
  2. "Sumgait is a continuation of the Mets Yeghern"
  3. Genocide series: Collective and historical memory in dates and toponyms
Chapter Four: Expression of collective and historical memory in the formulae of lament and emotions
Chapter Five: Popular perceptions of the implementation of the crimes in Sumgait and the disclosure, support, and punishment of those responsible
  1. Glasnost: Armenian version
  2. Changes in attitude toward Soviet army units as an indicator of identity alteration
  3. "Well-deserved punishment for the criminals of Sumgait": exposure and punishment of the immediate perpetrators and organizers of the crimes in Sumgait
  4. "Moscow -> Baku -> Sumgait...": the testing and transformation of the main Soviet paradigms
  5. "The buffoonery of Sumgait": an evaluation of the trial of the participants in the Sumgait crimes

Chapter Six: The process of re-assessment of the past and the present in Armenian identity

  1. "Wake up, laddie..."
  2. Re-assessment of episodes of history
  3. "We must fight, not weep..."

Chapter Seven: The broadening of scope of the concept of genocide and measures to avoid it

  1. "Deir-Zor...Sumgait...nuclear power plant...Nairit"
  2. "Armenian schools for Armenian children"
  3. "The destruction of historical monuments is spiritual genocide"
  4. Popular perceptions of ways to prevent genocide


Physical Description xvi, 415 pages : illustrations maps ; 29 cm
Carrier Typevolume
LanguageEnglish, Translated from the Armenian by Nune Torosyan.
PublisherYerevan, Armenia : "Gitutyun" Publishing House of NAS RA
SeriesAnthropology of memory ; 2;Iconography of Armenian identity
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
RecognitionGifted in 2010 by Harutyan Marutyan