Martha S. testimony 1996 [video recording]
Date of Recording02 April 1996
Duration2h 58m 8.0s
SynopsisMartha S. was born in Cluj, Romania in February of 1934. She describes her parents and extended family. She recalls that her parents worked as physicians and faced discrimination because they were Jewish. She recalls her family moving to Gherla and the Hungarian occupation. Her father was taken for Hungarian slave labor battalions. She describes German occupation in 1944 and increased anti-Jewish regulations. She describes a round-up and transfer to the Cluj ghetto. She describes being transferred to the Budapest ghetto, then Bergen-Belsen. She recalls remaining with her parents and adopted sister then being sent to Switzerland in December 1944. She describes living in a refugee camp and returning to Cluj to seek surviving relatives. Martha describes continued antisemitic harassment in school. She recalls seldom discussing her experience with her family. She recalls her marriage to a non-Jew, their son’s birth and emigration to Paris with her family in 1968. She describes immigrating to Canada with assistance from HIAS. Martha discusses her son’s religious identification and losing her belief after learning almost no relatives returned from camps. She discusses her relationship with her mother. She discusses luck and anxieties resulting from her experience.
Funding NoteCataloguing and digitization of this testimony was supported by funding from the Government of Canada.