[Bert Knoll’s notes for school speeches]
[Bert Knoll’s notes for school speeches, 198-]

[Bert Knoll’s notes for school speeches]

Archival Item

Resource TypeDocuments
Date of Creation[198–?]
Extent & Medium1 document, 7 sheets : 7.5 x 12.9 cm
Scope & ContentItem consists of seven small typescript pages describing the life of Bert Knoll in Vienna, Austria, from his birth in 1923 to 1938. Bert describes the historical-cultural context of Austria after the First World War, his earlier years at school until 1933, when Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany and anti-Semitism grew in Austria. Bert describes the growing tensions between Austria and Nazi Germany, until the German Anschluss of Austria in March 1938, leaving school and working in his family’s business. Finally, Bert recalls the rise of tensions between Jews and Austrians that led to Kristallnacht, which led to the death of his father. The last sheet (incomplete) ends with an account of Bert’s failed attempt to escape to Switzerland shortly after his father’s death. Sheets are numbered and have some notes added by hand. Item was donated with an envelope, originally used to hold the notes. Handwritten on the envelope: “Talk before high school students in Fort Pierce and another religious school.”