[War diary of Eugen Meyer, grid paper]
War diaries of Eugene Meyer
Title NoteThe supplied title proper is based on the subject of the item, as well as the paper type to discern from the other diary in the file.
Date of Creation1915–1918
GenreAlbums, Diaries & Scrapbooks
Administrative/Biographical HistoryPaul Meyer (b. October 9, 1916, d. September 14, 2003) and Max Meyer (b. February 22, 1913, d. April 1, 2004) were born in Cologne, Germany to parents Eugen Meyer (b. August 8, 1880 Cologne, d. October 10, 1964 Vancouver) and Alice née Jonas (b. circa 1890). Eugen Meyer ran a lace and tulle fashion business, M. Meyer & Co., founded by his father, Max Meyer (b. 1848 Bubenheim, Germany, d. 1896 Calais, France) in Cologne, around 1870. Eugen took the business over in the late 1890s, after the death of his father, and ran it with his uncle, Ernest, an accountant. At its height the business employed 300 workers.
Eugen Meyer served as a soldier in the German army in the First World War and wrote a diary of his and his unit’s experiences. Eugen’s brother, Alfred Meyer (b. 1882), also a soldier in the German army, was killed in France in 1918. Ernst Jonas, father of Alice, died on March 17, 1919 while a prisoner of war. Alice’s sister, Lucie Jonas, was married to Heinrich Frank; both were killed in Sobibor in 1943.
After the Nazis came to power in Germany, the Meyer siblings and other Jewish children were forbidden to attend school. Paul was arrested during Kristallnacht and sent to Dachau. Max, a salesman, was in Hanover on business and was not arrested on that night; he was able to buy a visa on the black market to help Paul get out of Dachau. The brothers were told they had to leave Germany or be interned. They obtained passports and a transit visa with help from an uncle, and then arranged passports for their parents. The Meyers paid high taxes upon leaving Germany.
The Meyers applied to emigrate to Canada and received special permission from the Commissioner of Immigration early in 1939, but their plans were cancelled at the outbreak of the Second World War. The family was able to leave Antwerp for New York in October, 1939, and then travelled by train to a camp outside of Montreal.
They settled in Vancouver, BC, where Paul and Max started a pottery business and their mother, Alice, worked for the Red Cross. In 1954, Paul returned to Cologne and visited the former location of his family’s lace business, on Apostelnstrasse II. The original building was damaged but the basement remained intact. Paul retrieved samples and other materials produced by M. Meyer & Co. in the basement and brought these materials back to Vancouver.
Extent & Medium1 notebook : 16.3 x 10 cm
Scope & ContentItem is a war diary of Eugen Meyer, written in Champagne and Flanders, France. His son, Paul, has provided an interpretive translation. The item is a diary constructed from four signatures of grid paper. It is tight backed with a cover made from heavy paper with a shiny, black surface. The text block is coloured red.
Physical Characteristics and Technical RequirementsThe diary exhibits signs of aging and handling. The cover and text block show evidence of surface stains, liquid stains, scratches, rubbing, discolouration, and fading. The spine of the diary illustrates extensive physical degradation that exposes supporting materials; this renders the diary very fragile. The item’s significant liquid stains create discolouration of the cover and paper, including the handwritten text. Additionally, the exposure to liquid has removed the red coloured edges of the text block.
Archival HistoryPrevious item number assigned by the VHEC: 96.025.003