SynopsisBernard G. was born in Zhetel [Dyatlovo, Belarus] on October 10, 1915. He describes his family. He recalls attending yeshiva and describes the Jewish community. He describes being drafted into the Polish army and his service in the cavalry for two years. Bernard recounts being recalled to the military in 1939. He recalls the German invasion and retreating to Warsaw then near Modlin. He describes being a Jewish prisoner of war and imprisonment in a stalag. He describes forced labour duties. He recalls transfer to Biała Podlaska then Konskowola, Poland. He describes transfer to Budzyn subcamp and working as a cook. He describes a resistance group in the camp. He describes witnessing violence, mass killings, and deportations to camps. He describes transfer to Plaszow, forced labour disinterring bodies, and subsequent nightmares. Bernard recalls deportation to Gross-Rosen. He discusses his transfer to Schindler’s factory in Brünnlitz and sabotaging production. He describes the hanging of a Nazi officer. He describes liberation by Soviet troops. He discusses learning his family had been killed. He recalls travelling to Lublin, Prague, and then Germany staying in DP camps. He describes attempting to emigrate to Israel with assistance from Haganah. He recalls receiving correspondence from his brother in Canada via the Red Cross. He describes emigration to Canada in 1947. He describes his marriages and children. Bernard shows photographs and a yizkor book.
RightsThe University of British Columbia | Holocaust Documentation Project | Principal Investigator: Robert Krell, M.D. | Consent to Record and Retain Records (fn: Under the auspices of the Standing Committee on the Holocaust and Canadian Jewish Congress - Pacific Region) on file
NoteTestimony was simultaneously recorded on video and audio cassette.