SynopsisMeyer K. was born in Šiauliai, Lithuania in 1905. He describes his family and the Jewish community. He recalls his early education. He discusses the pogroms and the treatment of Jews in Russia and during World War I. He recalls antisemitism in the community. He describes his interest in the Zionist movement. He describes attending university in Belgium. He discusses antisemitism in Lithuania. He describes his marriage and daughters. He recalls Soviet occupation in 1940 and working in a factory. He describes the German invasion and being protected by co-workers from being arrested. He recalls the Siauliai ghetto and describes living conditions. He recalls how goods were smuggled into the ghetto and people were smuggled out. He recalls round-ups and mass killings. He describes arranging for his daughters to go into hiding. He describes how his eldest daughter was saved, smuggled out of the ghetto, and hidden with a Catholic family. He describes how his youngest daughter was arrested and deported to Auschwitz. Meyer describes escaping the ghetto with his wife and going into hiding until liberation by Soviet troops. He describes the difficulty arranging to leave Lithuania and fleeing to Poland, then the American zone of Germany. He describes living with his family in Feldafing DP camp. He recalls working as the principal of a vocational school. He describes immigrating to Canada with help of a distant relative. He discusses sharing his experience with his children and grandchildren.
RightsThe University of British Columbia | Holocaust Documentation Project | Principal Investigator: Robert Krell, M.D. | Consent to Record and Retain Records (fn: Under the auspices of the Standing Committee on the Holocaust and Canadian Jewish Congress - Pacific Region) on file
NoteTestimony was simultaneously recorded on video and audio cassette. Interviewer refers to recording footage of photographs belonging to interviewee but tape recording ends with no photographs displayed.
Funding NoteCataloguing and digitization of this testimony was supported by funding from the Government of Canada.